Diet for CRF
Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) is the progressive loss of kidney function. The kidneys attempt to compensate for renal damage by hyperfiltration (excessive straining of the blood). Over time, hyperfiltration causes further loss of function. Chronic loss of function causes generalized wasting (shrinking in size) and progressive scarring within all parts of the kidneys. In time, overall scarring obscures the site of the initial damage.
Chronic disease such as hypertension and diabetes are devastating because of the damage that they can do to kidneys and other organs. Lifelong diligence is important in keeping blood sugar and blood pressure within normal limits. Specific treatments are dependent upon the underlying diseases. Once kidney failure is present, the goal is to prevent further deterioration of renal function. If ignored, the kidneys will progress to complete failure, but if underlying illnesses are addressed and treated aggressively, kidney function can be preserved, though not always improved.
CRF (Diet in Chronic renal failure)has many causes including glumerolunephritis, nephrosclerosis, obstructive kidney diseases such as kidney stones and birth defects, diabetes mellitus and systemic lupus erythematosus, and most recently discovered illicit drugs and excessive analgesic use.
A low phosphorous content will help decrease the calcification of the kidneys. Low protein means that there will be fewer toxins that build up in the blood which need to be filtered out by the kidneys. They kidneys do more than just getting rid of waste in the blood. They also help to regulate the acidity of the blood as well as electrolyte levels, vitamin D and hormone production.
Preventive Measures for Chronic Renal Failure –CRF
Prevent infection of kidneys: There should be a regular/periodic check-up of the urine, for any infection/pus cells or growth of any bacteria. A CRF kidney is more prone to infection, and if infection is not prevented/ controlled, there is a danger of further kidney damage/failure.
Prevent obstruction in the urinary tract: In case there is an obstruction in the urinary tract, as a result of the benign enlargement of the prostate (BEP), or urinary stones, or some other cause, the obstruction should be removed. Since obstruction in the urinary tract increases the infection in it can further damage the kidneys.
Avoid unnecessary usage of drugs : A case of CRF should not to be any drugs on his own unnecessarily. He should take only limited drugs, as prescribed by a specialist. Any indiscriminate use of drugs may immediately shift the patient to an unstable condition. If that happens, stop the drug immediately, so that his condition may revert to the stable state.
Avoid radiographic dyes : Radiographic dyes should also be avoided as far as possible, since these days are likely to damage the kidneys. Thus, intravenous pyelography, etc. is least recommended in such cases. Now other tests are available. Moreover radiation has its own side-effects.
Strict control of diabetes and hypertension : Both these conditions, if not strictly controlled, will damage the kidneys further. Hence the prevention of further damage to the kidneys requires a rigid control of both these conditions. Hypertension is usually associated with CRF, and sometimes blood pressure may be markedly elevated, making the condition unstable, which must be brought to normal quickly, so that the condition returns to the stable level.
Strict control of diet : If this step is not strictly followed, the patient may enter into an unstable stage. And, if taken seriously, an improvement in the condition of the patient may be noticed. The diet of a patient of CRF is prescribed by the specialist. Protein alone makes the condition stable/unstable. A high-protein diet may make the condition of the patient so unstable so that a dialysis may become necessary. On the other hand, a low-protein diet may make the condition absolutely stable.